Legendre, Adrien-Marie

   Born in Paris, Adrien-Marie Legendre was commissioned by the Convention at the time of the revolution of 1789 to work on geodesics and, in doing so, enriched the study of trigonometry, developing a method, for instance, of calculating the area of a spherical triangle and studying geodesic lines. His Éléments de géométrie (1794) has historical interest because of his return to the mathematical principles of antiquity. He demonstrated in particular the incommensurability of pi (already known) and that of pi squared. His Théorie des nombres (1798) remains a classic, containing remarkable results of the law of reciprocity of quadratic residuals. in 1806, he showed the method of least squares (without being aware of the work of C. F. Gauss). in his most important work, Traité des fonctions élliptiques et des intégrals eulériennes (1825), Legendre demonstrated that elliptical integrals can always be reduced to three forms, and he calculated the extended numerical tables. Also, in Figure des planètes (1782), he introduced the polynomials that bear his name. Legendre was named to the Academy of Sciences in 1783.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Legendre,Adrien Marie — Le·gen·dre (lə zhänʹdrə, zhäɴʹ ), Adrien Marie. 1752 1833. French mathematician who is best remembered for his work on number theory and elliptic integrals. * * * …   Universalium

  • Legendre, Adrien-Marie — ▪ French mathematician born September 18, 1752, Paris, France died January 10, 1833, Paris  French mathematician whose distinguished work on elliptic integrals (elliptic equation) provided basic analytic tools for mathematical physics.… …   Universalium

  • LEGENDRE, ADRIEN MARIE —    brilliant French mathematician, contemporary of Lagrange and Laplace, born at Toulouse; obtained the professorship of Mathematics in the Military School at Paris, and was elected to the Academy of Sciences in 1783; he was one of the… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Adrien Marie Legendre — [ləˈʒɑ̃ːdrə] (* 18. September 1752 in Paris; † 10. Januar 1833 ebenda) war ein französischer Mathematiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werk 3 Sonstiges …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adrien-Marie Legendre — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Legendre. Adrien Marie Legendre Portrait charge de Adrien Marie Legendre[1] …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Adrien-Marie Legendre — Infobox Scientist name = Adrien Marie Legendre caption = Adrien Marie Legendre birth date = birth date|1752|9|18|mf=y birth place = Paris, France death date = death date and age|1833|1|10|1752|9|18|mf=y death place = Paris, France residence =… …   Wikipedia

  • Adrien-Marie Legendre — Archivo:Marie Legendre.jpg Marie Legendre Adrien Marie Legendre. Adrien Marie Legendre (París, 18 de septiembre de 1752 Auteuil, Francia, 10 de enero de 1833) fue un matemático francés. Hizo importantes contribuciones a la estadística …   Wikipedia Español

  • Adrien-Marie Legendre — (París, 1752 Auteuil, Francia, 1833), Matemático francés. Hizo importantes contribuciones a la estadística, la teoría de números, el álgebra abstracta y el …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Adrien-Marie Legendre — Karikatur Legendres des französischen Künstlers Julien Leopold Boilly Adrien Marie Legendre [ləˈʒɑ̃ːdrə] (* 18. September 1752 in Paris; † 10. Januar 1833 ebenda) war ein französischer Mathematiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • LEGENDRE (A. M.) — LEGENDRE ADRIEN MARIE (1752 1833) Mathématicien français né et mort à Paris. L’ouvrage qui rendit célèbre Adrien Marie Legendre a pour titre Éléments de géométrie (1794). Il représente un des premiers essais de formalisation rigoureuse de la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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